The Link Between Diabetes and Miscarriage

Glucose fuels your body and gives it energy. Virtually every system in your body needs it to function properly. To turn glucose into energy, you need insulin, a hormone produced by your pancreas. When this process breaks down, you have diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes happens when your pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin, and Type 2 diabetes is when your pancreas produces enough insulin, but your cells have become resistant to it.  A third type, called gestational diabetes, is developed only during pregnancy, and it’s caused by hormonal disruption. All three of these can affect your pregnancy and may lead to miscarriage.

If you have diabetes or develop it during your pregnancy, our team of expert medical professionals at University Reproductive Associates is here to guide you through to keep you and your baby safe and healthy. Monitoring and managing your blood sugar is critical. Here’s what uncontrolled blood sugar levels can lead to if you’re pregnant.


Women with diabetes are at a much greater risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, and neonatal fatalities than women without diabetes. So, if you have diabetes and are planning on getting pregnant, it’s best to partner with us early so we can help you prepare your body for what’s ahead.

Our compassionate, professional team takes great care of you and your baby through your entire journey to prevent complications and address any that might occur. 

High blood pressure

Hypertension, the medical term for high blood pressure, carries risks even when you’re not pregnant. But during pregnancy, it could lead to intrauterine growth restriction, preterm delivery, miscarriage, or stillbirth.

Increased amniotic fluid

Technically called polyhydramnios, having too much amniotic fluid is another symptom of diabetes. This condition can lead to serious complications, including prolapsed umbilical cord, placental abruption, miscarriage, premature labor, or stillbirth.

Post-birth complications

If you and your baby avoid a diabetes-related miscarriage, there may still be some complications ahead. Babies born to mothers with uncontrolled diabetes are at higher risk for:

Through medication, nutrition, and careful monitoring we can help you avoid these complications. 

What to watch for

As your pregnancy progresses, you’re your own best health advocate and your baby’s first line of defense, so it’s important to know the signs of low blood sugar:

These are all signs you should come see us right away. If you feel extremely thirsty, have a dry mouth, and your breath smells fruity, you may have high blood sugar and need medical assistance.

You and your baby can make it through a healthy pregnancy despite diabetes with the right team on your side. Call us at 201-288-6330 to set up an appointment at any of our three New Jersey locations or set up a telemedicine visit today. 

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