Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

University Reproductive Associates -  - Reproductive Endocrinology

University Reproductive Associates

Reproductive Endocrinologists & Infertility and Reproductive Medicine located in Hasbrouck Heights, NJ, Hoboken, NJ & Wayne, NJ

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common gynecological issue that affects one out of every 10 women. It’s also a common, but treatable, cause of infertility. The experts at University Reproductive Associates take an individualized approach to care and offer many innovative solutions for the treatment of infertility in women with PCOS. To schedule a consultation, contact the office in Hasbrouck Heights, Wayne, or Hoboken, New Jersey, by phone or online today.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Q & A

What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?

PCOS is a health problem in women caused by a hormone imbalance that interferes with normal functioning of your ovaries. During your menstrual cycle, your ovaries produce and release an egg. If you have PCOS, your ovaries may not produce a healthy egg or may not release an egg at all.

The alterations in your ovulation affect the duration and frequency of your period and may increase levels of androgen, which is a male sex hormone. Your PCOS may also lead to the development of small ovarian cysts that further impair ovulation. All these factors affect your fertility.

What are PCOS symptoms?

The most common PCOS symptom is an irregular period. Women with PCOS may have fewer than eight menstrual cycles a year. Other symptoms include:

  • Acne
  • Female-patterned baldness
  • Growth of facial hair
  • Weight gain
  • Skin darkening around the neck or groin or under the breasts

In addition to the physical symptoms, PCOS also affects your health and increases your risk of infertility, Type 2 diabetes, endometrial cancer, and heart disease. Women with PCOS are also at greater risk of depression and anxiety.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

No single test can diagnose PCOS. If the cause of your infertility is unknown, the specialists at University Reproductive Associates perform comprehensive evaluations so you get the right diagnosis and best treatment plan. 

During your evaluation, the team performs a physical and pelvic exam, a blood test, and ultrasound to help determine if PCOS is the cause of your infertility. Additional testing may also be recommended to assess for other health issues, such as diabetes or heart disease.

How is PCOS treated?

The team at University Reproductive Associates takes an individualized approach to care and develops personalized treatment plans for PCOS based on the severity of your symptoms and your overall health. Initially, the team may recommend lifestyle changes aimed at helping you manage your weight to improve your fertility and decrease the risk of health complications. 

If you’re still struggling to conceive, the team may prescribe medication to improve ovulation or recommend in vitro fertilization (IVF). 

For expert care of your PCOS from the fertility specialists, call University Reproductive Associates or request an appointment online today.