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Causes of Tubal Factor Infertility

Tubal factor infertility is blockage or damage that prevents the egg from traveling through the fallopian tube to reach the uterus. There are many causes of tubal factor infertility.



To understand tubal factor infertility, it is important to recognize the role the fallopian tubes play in conception.

Once the ovary releases the egg during ovulation, it is picked up by fimbriae, the finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes. The egg enters the fallopian tube and here, fertilization may occur, if sperm is present. The fertilized egg begins to divide before continuing its journey to the uterus, where in a few days, implantation occurs.

A damaged or blocked fallopian tube can disrupt the conception process and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.



There are a number of ways the fallopian tubes can become damaged, including the following:




It may not be possible to prevent all damage, but practicing safe sex with proper condom use can reduce the risk of infection and damage.

The majority of women with STIs are asymptomatic, so all sexually active women should be screened regularly for STIs. Early treatment of infections reduces the risk of tubal damage

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