Medical Therapy for Endometriosis

There are many medical therapy options used to manage endometriosis. Therapy choice may depend on the extent or severity of the endometriosis and whether or not pregnancy is desired.



Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium – the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus—grows beyond the uterus. This overgrowth can extend throughout the pelvis to the ovaries and fallopian tubes. In severe cases, endometriosis can even spread to other areas of the body.

You may have endometriosis without any symptoms. When symptoms are present, they include pelvic, abdominal or back pain; pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse; painful bowel movements; heavy or irregular menstruation; diarrhea or constipation and infertility.



Medical treatment therapies won’t cure endometriosis, but they can help control the pain, shrink existing endometriosis implants and limit new growth. It will take 3-4 months for most hormonal treatments to relieve the symptoms of endometriosis. These therapies include:



Women who are prescribed hormonal medications for the treatment of endometriosis will not be able to get pregnant while taking the medications.



Pregnancy and breast feeding suppress endometriosis and produce symptom relief and many women with endometriosis go on to conceive naturally. For those who suffer infertility as a result of endometriosis, assisted reproductive technologies, such as IVF, are often very effective. Surgical treatment options are also available.

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